Senin, 17 Juni 2013
THESIS ARTICLE ABOUT ANALYSIS OF TWO MAIN CHARACTERS IN "THE LAST SAMURAI MOVIE" (Nathan Algren & Katsumoto)
ANALYSIS OF TWO MAIN CHARACTERS
IN THE LAST SAMURAI MOVIE
(Nathan Algren and Katsumoto)
Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris
Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan
Universitas PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya
Tesis ini menganalisis dua tokoh utama dalam dialog dari dua karakter utama dari film “The Last Samurai”. Penulis memilih topik ini karena sebagai pecinta film, ia ingin menemukan karakter-karakter yang muncul dalam dialog Nathan Algren dan Katsumoto, dua tokoh utama dalam film The Last Samurai yang digunakan sebagai salah satu alat untuk menyampaikan pesan ke pengamat tersebut. Itu membuat penulis tertarik untuk melakukan penelitian karakter dialog dua karakter utama film The Last Samurai itu Nathan Algren dan Katsumoto itu. Jadi, penelitian penulis masalah adalah: "Apa karakter yang dimiliki Nathan Algren? " dan “Apa karakter yang dimiliki Katsumoto?” Rancangan penelitian studi ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif dan metode analisis dan documentasi isi untuk mengumpulkan data. Untuk mengumpulkan data, penulis dianalisis dengan memilih dialog dari dua karakter utama yang berkaitan dengan topik dari Movie. Penulis menjelaskan bahwa dengan menganalisis karakter kita bisa tahu bahwa karakter dalam suatu film membuat jalannya film menjadi lebih bermakna dan berwarna. Berdasarkan analisis penulis telah menemukan 1) Karakter apa yang muncul dalam Tokoh Nathan Algren?. 2) karakter apa yang muncul dalam tokoh Katsumoto. 3) tokoh Nathan Algren tergolong dalam karakter protagonist, dynamic dan round, sedangkan tokoh Katsumoto tergolong dalam karakter protagonist dan statistic.
Kata kunci : Analisa, Implikatur, Dialog.
The English Department of Adi Buana University is not faculty of letters. Therefore, the courses are emphasized on language skills, teaching methods, and linguistics. Eventhough the courses are emphasized of those three above is the literary courses.
But knowing howpitiful, it is to have known that only few students like to learn about literary, for example a literary of English Movie. They feel that the study about literray is really difficult and there is no need literary to enjoy a movie. Actually, Rene Wellek and Austin Warren in their book (1975,1977:36) explains that the function of studying litrature is to relieve us -either writers or readers- from the pressure of emotions. To express emotions is to get free of them, as Goethe is said to have freed himself from Weltschmerz by composing The Sorrows of Werther.
By studying English literature, students do not only study about grammar and vocabulary, but they also learn about the culture and the ways of life. They also can interprete the valuable literary work for them selves. Rene Wellek and Austin Warren (1975:94) states in his book Theory of Literature that literature ‘represents’ ‘life’; is, an large measure, a social reality, literature though the natural world and the inner or subjective world of the individual have also been objects of literary ‘imitation’.
The author chooses one of literature forms for this study, that is movie. Movie is one of the literary works in dramatic form. Movie is a motion picture or film produced for entertainment that tells a story. There are many types of movie, they are: Action movie, adventure, comedy, crime / gangster, drama, epic, horror, musical, and war. Movie containsa series of one's life story with the people around it by emphasizing characters, and the nature of the people.
The choosing of movie for this study is because the basicof movie is telling about the habits, ways of life, and cronological event of human being. The conflict and some different characters will make the movie more interesting to see.
The author which is choosen is The Last Samurai movie beacause there are a lot of things that she can take or learn in this film. Some differences of characters in this movie also can tell us about the habits of person, like how they live or how they facing and finish a problem. Because every character has their own habits. Some deep moral values also can learn from this movie, like about love, dedication, loyalty, and hard work.
Research always needs research design. Research also needs research method, so the writer looks for some reference to choose the method research. Method is a step, way, or system to design a research to get the purpose of research. Writer always needs a method research which has relation with his research.
In this research, the writer uses the qualitative descriptive method as the research method. It is used to describe the data. Description and explanation were made from the analysis and from the quotation to clarify data in order to make this work easy to understand.
The writer chooses qualitative descriptive to get clear description about characteristic of the two main characters of The Last Samurai. The descriptive method is a method to describe and interpret about problem observed by the researcher.
This research design is more suitable for a literary study. By literary study, the writer means is to study a peace of work of literature, or to be exact, imaginative literature, which interprets experiences by fictitious presentation of a person, ideas, and events. This study is done by looking for the information in the form of article, book, and literary review that related to the study, but the main reference is the movie itself.
The descriptive qualitative approach means that the discussion of the study is explained based on the elements within the story it self, such as point of view, setting, character, plot, symbol, with their internalrelation. In this case the writer thesis only focuses the explanation on the Captain Nathan Algren and Lord Moritsugu Katsumoto characters as main character in The Last Samurai.
The writer uses some notation about to get answer the problem of research. Dialog, action, and happening in the story are that answer. It is used as basic research and supporting in research to get information about in this research..
ANALYZING AND FINDING
There are many characters that found in Nathan Algren and Katsumoto.
Character of Nathan Algren are a. Depressed people, this character shown when he become a prisioner of Samurai in the samurai village. He was in helpless condition because the previous battle. He got a scary dream about his dark past. b. Avenger, Nathan Algren: “You want me to kill Jappos, I’ll kill them. I’m not asking you to kill anybody. You want me to kill the enemies of Jappos, I’ll kill their enemies. Rebs or Sloux or Sheyenne..For 500 bucks a month, I’ll kill whoever you want. But keep one thing in mind...I’d happily kill you for free.”thoose dialoge prove that Nathan is an avenger. c. Arrogant, this character shown when he was in a meeting with Omura and Bagley, Nathan Algren laugh with disrespectful when Bagley speaks at Omura, and he left the banquet just like that without permission. d. Sadden Personality, it is proven in this dialogue, Nathan Algren: "There is some comfort in the emptiness of the sea. No past, no future. And then at once, I am confronted by the hard truth of present circumstances. I have been hired to help suppress the rebellion of yet another tribal leader. Apparently, this is the only job I am suited for roomates. I am beset by the ironies of my life. " e. Humanness, this character proven when Mr. Omura orders Algren to order the troops he trained and he will lead the fight against the Samurai to go to the battlefield against the Samurai, because the samurai had begun to attack and control the rail road at the border of his province so that the government Japan can not travel freely. But Algren refused to carry troops to the battlefield, because he felt that his army, which consisted of civilians, such as farmers who do not have a military base is not yet ready to fight on the battlefield. Algren does not want to sacrifice those who are not experienced in fighting on the battlefield warfare because their unready to fight aganinst the samurai who is very tough in fighting. f. Defender of the Truth, Nathan Algren decides to side with and help the Samurai to fight the government which is controlled by Mr. Omura, after he know the true purpose of goverment which is controlled by Mr. Omura is for monopolies. g. Persistent, Some scenes in this film shows a lot of character Nathan Algren is not easy to give up, in any condition even when pressed he will stay and try to fight. h. Smart, this dialogue prove the smart of Nathan Algren, Nathan: "I need information on their battle tactics." Graham: "I have several more books just waiting to be translate." Zeb: "He'll be speaking the lingo in no time. You should hear him blather on in Blackfoot. " Graham: "Really? A follow linguist? Oh, capital! "
Character of Katsumoto are a. Wise, He is a wise leader, so it is respected and admired his followers. In the show the movie in some scenes, that Katsumoto always exercise prudence in dealing with a problem. b. Faithful and Obedient, A character Katsumoto in the film is a very faithful devoted to the kingdom. Whatever happens in the Japanese government and whatever the current emperor, be it right or wrong, appropriate or not in accordance with his wishes, he will remain faithful to serve and would also be willing to sacrifice for the emperor. c. Dicipline, As a samurai, and is also a leader in the rebellion of the Samurai, Katsumoto must know and are very familiar with what is meant as a discipline. d. Firm, Resolute character of Katsumoto show by the author, when he was required to behead one who has betrayed samurai. Samurai were asked to commit suicide or in Japanese called by "Harakiri", because he felt that he had been betrayed. Firmly and without hesitation Katsumoto cut head by a sword. For Katsumoto, that's exactly what content received by a traitor. e. Commanding, From beginning to end this movie, show the figure Katsumoto who are always in peace of mind, which makes it always think clearly, even able to give peace to the people around him. f. True Leader, a true leader who always solve problems wisely, to address a problem with a head cold. It also nurture his followers or members of the group. And in a war, he will be in the front row, without fear and doubt will first move to attack.
Some suggestion of this thesis are, firstly, if the students want to analyze the movie, they should try to watch the movie before, then they should have script of own movie. Secondly, the students should read many literature books. They can go to the library to look for many literature book or searching in some website. In order to get new experiences and motivation to learn literature. And the last is, The department of English should set aside not only some books of science, but also make some available literature books.
Andrew Bennett., Nicholas Royle., 2004. Introduction to Literature, Criticism and Theory. Malaysia: Reason Longman
Bull, V. 1974. Oxford Student’s Dictionary of Current English . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
C. Hugh Holman, A Handbook to Literature.
Mario Klarer, 2004. An Introduction to Literary Studies. New York.
Raymond Williams, 1997. Marxism and Literature. New York : Oxford University Press.
Rene Wellek., Austin Warren., 2004, Theory of Literature. London : A Harvest/HBJ Book, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publisher.
William Flint Thrall., Addison Hibbard, 1936. A Handbook to Literature With an Outline of Literary English and American. New York: The Odyssey Press.
Zainudin Fananie, 2002. Telaah Sastra. Surakarta : Muhammadiyah University Press 2002
http://www.imsdb.com/scripts/Up.html access 18th october 2012
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